Internationalisation
Bundled Plugins API
event
Create, modify and inspect events for hs.eventtap
This module is based primarily on code from the previous incarnation of Mjolnir by Steven Degutis.
hs.eventtap.event.newGesture uses an external library by Calf Trail Software, LLC.
Touch Copyright (C) 2010 Calf Trail Software, LLC
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

API Overview

API Documentation

Constants

Signature
hs.eventtap.event.properties -> table
Type
Constant
Description
A table containing property types for use with hs.eventtap.event:getProperty() and hs.eventtap.event:setProperty(). The table supports forward (label to number) and reverse (number to label) lookups to increase its flexibility.
Signature
hs.eventtap.event.rawFlagMasks[]
Type
Constant
Description
A table containing key-value pairs describing the raw modifier flags which can be manipulated with hs.eventtap.event:rawFlags.

types

Signature
hs.eventtap.event.types -> table
Type
Constant
Description
A table containing event types to be used with hs.eventtap.new(...) and returned by hs.eventtap.event:type(). The table supports forward (label to number) and reverse (number to label) lookups to increase its flexibility.

Functions

Signature
hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEventSequence(modifiers, character) -> table
Type
Function
Description
Generates a table containing the keydown and keyup events to generate the keystroke with the specified modifiers.
Parameters
  • modifiers - A table containing the keyboard modifiers to apply ("cmd", "alt", "shift", "ctrl", "rightCmd", "rightAlt", "rightShift", "rightCtrl", or "fn")
  • character - A string containing a character to be emitted
Returns
  • a table with events which contains the individual events that Apple recommends for building up a keystroke combination (see hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent) in the order that they should be posted (i.e. the first half will contain keyDown events and the second half will contain keyUp events)
Notes
  • The modifiers table must contain the full name of the modifiers you wish used for the keystroke as defined in hs.keycodes.map -- the Unicode equivalents are not supported by this function.
  • The returned table will always contain an even number of events -- the first half will be the keyDown events and the second half will be the keyUp events.
  • The events have not been posted; the table can be used without change as the return value for a callback to a watcher defined with hs.eventtap.new.

Constructors

copy

Signature
hs.eventtap.event:copy() -> event
Type
Constructor
Description
Duplicates an hs.eventtap.event event for further modification or injection
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • A new hs.eventtap.event object

newEvent

Signature
hs.eventtap.event.newEvent() -> event
Type
Constructor
Description
Creates a blank event. You will need to set its type with hs.eventtap.event:setType
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • a new hs.eventtap.event object
Notes
  • this is an empty event that you should set a type for and whatever other properties may be appropriate before posting.
Signature
hs.eventtap.event.newEventFromData(data) -> event
Type
Constructor
Description
Creates an event from the data encoded in the string provided.
Parameters
Returns
  • a new hs.eventtap.event object or nil if the string did not represent a valid event
Signature
hs.eventtap.event.newGesture(gestureType[, gestureValue]) -> event
Type
Constructor
Description
Creates an gesture event.
Parameters
  • gestureType - the type of gesture you want to create as a string (see notes below).
  • [gestureValue] - an optional value for the specific gesture (i.e. magnification amount or rotation in degrees).
Returns
  • a new hs.eventtap.event object or nil if the gestureType is not valid.
Notes
  • Valid gestureType values are:
  • beginMagnify - Starts a magnification event with an optional magnification value as a number (defaults to 0). The exact unit of measurement is unknown.
  • endMagnify - Starts a magnification event with an optional magnification value as a number (defaults to 0.1). The exact unit of measurement is unknown.
  • beginRotate - Starts a rotation event with an rotation value in degrees (i.e. a value of 45 turns it 45 degrees left - defaults to 0).
  • endRotate - Starts a rotation event with an rotation value in degrees (i.e. a value of 45 turns it 45 degrees left - defaults to 45).
  • beginSwipeLeft - Begin a swipe left.
  • endSwipeLeft - End a swipe left.
  • beginSwipeRight - Begin a swipe right.
  • endSwipeRight - End a swipe right.
  • beginSwipeUp - Begin a swipe up.
  • endSwipeUp - End a swipe up.
  • beginSwipeDown - Begin a swipe down.
  • endSwipeDown - End a swipe down.
Signature
hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent([mods], key, isdown) -> event
Type
Constructor
Description
Creates a keyboard event
Parameters
  • mods - An optional table containing zero or more of the following:
  • cmd
  • alt
  • shift
  • ctrl
  • fn
  • key - A string containing the name of a key (see hs.hotkey for more information) or an integer specifying the virtual keycode for the key.
  • isdown - A boolean, true if the event should be a key-down, false if it should be a key-up
Returns
  • An hs.eventtap.event object
Notes
  • The original version of this constructor utilized a shortcut which merged flagsChanged and keyUp/keyDown events into one. This approach is still supported for backwards compatibility and because it does work in most cases.
  • According to Apple Documentation, the proper way to perform a keypress with modifiers is through multiple key events; for example to generate 'Å', you should do the following:~~~lua hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent(hs.keycodes.map.shift, true):post() hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent(hs.keycodes.map.alt, true):post() hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent("a", true):post() hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent("a", false):post() hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent(hs.keycodes.map.alt, false):post() hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent(hs.keycodes.map.shift, false):post()~~~
  • The shortcut method is still supported, though if you run into odd behavior or need to generate flagsChanged events without a corresponding keyUp or keyDown, please check out the syntax demonstrated above.~~~lua hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent({"shift", "alt"}, "a", true):post() hs.eventtap.event.newKeyEvent({"shift", "alt"}, "a", false):post()~~~
Signature
hs.eventtap.event.newMouseEvent(eventtype, point[, modifiers) -> event
Type
Constructor
Description
Creates a new mouse event
Parameters
  • eventtype - One of the mouse related values from hs.eventtap.event.types
  • point - An hs.geometry point table (i.e. of the form {x=123, y=456}) indicating the location where the mouse event should occur
  • modifiers - An optional table (e.g. {"cmd", "alt"}) containing zero or more of the following keys:
  • cmd
  • alt
  • shift
  • ctrl
  • fn
Returns
  • An hs.eventtap object
Signature
hs.eventtap.event.newScrollEvent(offsets, mods, unit) -> event
Type
Constructor
Description
Creates a scroll wheel event
Parameters
  • offsets - A table containing the {horizontal, vertical} amount to scroll. Positive values scroll up or left, negative values scroll down or right.
  • mods - A table containing zero or more of the following:
  • cmd
  • alt
  • shift
  • ctrl
  • fn
  • unit - An optional string containing the name of the unit for scrolling. Either "line" (the default) or "pixel"
Returns
  • An hs.eventtap.event object
Signature
hs.eventtap.event.newSystemKeyEvent(key, isdown) -> event
Type
Constructor
Description
Creates a keyboard event for special keys (e.g. media playback)
Parameters
  • key - A string containing the name of a special key. The possible names are:
  • SOUND_UP
  • SOUND_DOWN
  • MUTE
  • BRIGHTNESS_UP
  • BRIGHTNESS_DOWN
  • CONTRAST_UP
  • CONTRAST_DOWN
  • POWER
  • LAUNCH_PANEL
  • VIDMIRROR
  • PLAY
  • EJECT
  • NEXT
  • PREVIOUS
  • FAST
  • REWIND
  • ILLUMINATION_UP
  • ILLUMINATION_DOWN
  • ILLUMINATION_TOGGLE
  • CAPS_LOCK
  • HELP
  • NUM_LOCK
  • isdown - A boolean, true if the event should be a key-down, false if it should be a key-up
Returns
  • An hs.eventtap.event object
Notes
  • To set modifiers on a system key event (e.g. cmd/ctrl/etc), see the hs.eventtap.event:setFlags() method
  • The event names are case sensitive

Methods

asData

Signature
hs.eventtap.event:asData() -> string
Type
Method
Description
Returns a string containing binary data representing the event. This can be used to record events for later use.
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • a string representing the event or nil if the event cannot be represented as a string
Notes
Signature
hs.eventtap.event:getButtonState(button) -> bool
Type
Method
Description
Gets the state of a mouse button in the event
Parameters
  • button - A number between 0 and 31. The left mouse button is 0, the right mouse button is 1 and the middle mouse button is 2. The meaning of the remaining buttons varies by hardware, and their functionality varies by application (typically they are not present on a mouse and have no effect in an application)
Returns
  • A boolean, true if the specified mouse button is to be clicked by the event
Notes
  • This method should only be called on mouse events
Signature
hs.eventtap.event:getCharacters([clean]) -> string or nil
Type
Method
Description
Returns the Unicode character, if any, represented by a keyDown or keyUp event.
Parameters
  • clean -- an optional parameter, default false, which indicates if key modifiers, other than Shift, should be stripped from the keypress before converting to Unicode.
Returns
  • A string containing the Unicode character represented by the keyDown or keyUp event, or nil if the event is not a keyUp or keyDown.
Notes
  • This method should only be used on keyboard events
  • If clean is true, all modifiers except for Shift are stripped from the character before converting to the Unicode character represented by the keypress.
  • If the keypress does not correspond to a valid Unicode character, an empty string is returned (e.g. if clean is false, then Opt-E will return an empty string, while Opt-Shift-E will return an accent mark).

getFlags

Signature
hs.eventtap.event:getFlags() -> table
Type
Method
Description
Gets the keyboard modifiers of an event
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • A table containing the keyboard modifiers that present in the event - i.e. zero or more of the following keys, each with a value of true:
  • cmd
  • alt
  • shift
  • ctrl
  • fn
  • The table responds to the following methods:
  • contain(mods) -> boolean
  • Returns true if the modifiers contain all of given modifiers
  • containExactly(mods) -> boolean
  • Returns true if the modifiers contain all of given modifiers exactly and nothing else
  • Parameter mods is a table containing zero or more of the following:
  • cmd or ⌘
  • alt or ⌥
  • shift or ⇧
  • ctrl or ⌃
  • fn
Signature
hs.eventtap.event:getKeyCode() -> keycode
Type
Method
Description
Gets the raw keycode for the event
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • A number containing the raw keycode, taken from hs.keycodes.map
Notes
  • This method should only be used on keyboard events
Signature
hs.eventtap.event:getProperty(prop) -> number
Type
Method
Description
Gets a property of the event
Parameters
  • prop - A value taken from hs.eventtap.event.properties
Returns
  • A number containing the value of the requested property
Notes
  • The properties are CGEventField values, as documented at https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/documentation/Carbon/Reference/QuartzEventServicesRef/index.html#//apple_ref/c/tdef/CGEventField
Signature
hs.eventtap.event:getRawEventData() -> table
Type
Method
Description
Returns raw data about the event
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • A table with two keys:
  • CGEventData -- a table with keys containing CGEvent data about the event.
  • NSEventData -- a table with keys containing NSEvent data about the event.
Notes
  • Most of the data in CGEventData is already available through other methods, but is presented here without any cleanup or parsing.
  • This method is expected to be used mostly for testing and expanding the range of possibilities available with the hs.eventtap module. If you find that you are regularly using specific data from this method for common or re-usable purposes, consider submitting a request for adding a more targeted method to hs.eventtap or hs.eventtap.event -- it will likely be more efficient and faster for common tasks, something eventtaps need to be to minimize affecting system responsiveness.
| Signature | hs.eventtap.event:getTouchDetails() -> table | nil | | -----------------------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | Type | Method | | Description | Returns a table contining more information about some touch related events. | | Parameters |
  • None
| | Returns |
  • if the event is a touch event (i.e. is an event of type hs.eventtap.event.types.gesture), then this method returns a table with zero or more of the following key-value pairs:
  • if the gesture is for a pressure event:
    • pressure - a number between 0.0 and 1.0 inclusive indicating the relative amount of pressure applied by the touch; trackpads which are not pressure sensitive will only report the discrete values of 0.0 and 1.0.
    • stage - an integer between 0 and 2 specifying the stage. 0 represents a touch transitioning to a state too light to be considered a touch, usually at the end of a click; 1 represents a touch with enough pressure to be considered a mouseDown event; 2 represents additional pressure, usually what would trigger a "deep" or "force" touch.
    • stageTransition - a number between 0.0 and 1.0. As the pressure increases and transition between stages begins, this will rise from 0.0 to 1.0; as the pressure decreases and a transition between stages begins, this will fall from 0.0 to -1.0. When the pressure is solidly within a specific stage, this will remain 0.0.
    • pressureBehavior - a string specifying the effect or purpose of the pressure. Note that the exact meaning (in terms of haptic feedback or action being performed) of each label is target application or ui element specific. Valid values for this key are:
    • "unknown", "default", "click", "generic", "accelerator", "deepClick", "deepDrag"
  • if the gesture is for a magnification event:
    • magnification - a number specifying the change in magnification that should be added to the current scaling of an item to achieve the new scale factor.
  • if the gesture is for a rotation event:
    • rotation - a number specifying in degrees the change in rotation that should be added as specified by this event. Clockwise rotation is indicated by a negative number while counter-clockwise rotation will be positive.
|
| Signature | hs.eventtap.event:getTouches() -> table | nil | | -----------------------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | Type | Method | | Description | Returns a table of details containing information about touches on the trackpad associated with this event if the event is of the type hs.eventtap.event.types.gesture. | | Parameters |
  • None
| | Returns |
  • if the event is of the type gesture, returns a table; otherwise returns nil.
| | Notes |
  • if the event is of the type gesture, the table will contain one or more tables in an array. Each member table of the array will have the following key-value pairs:
  • device - a string containing a unique identifier for the device on which the touch occurred. At present we do not have a way to match the identifier to a specific touch device, but if multiple such devices are attached to the computer, this value will differ between them.
  • deviceSize - a size table containing keys h and w for the height and width of the touch device in points (72 PPI resolution).
  • force - a number representing a measure of the force of the touch when the device is a forcetouch trackpad. This will be 0.0 for non-forcetouch trackpads and the touchbar.
  • identity - a string specifying a unique identifier for the touch guaranteed to be unique for the life of the touch. This identifier may be used to track the movement of a specific touch (e.g. finger) as it moves through successive callbacks.
  • phase - a string specifying the current phase the touch is considered to be in. The possible values are: "began", "moved", "stationary", "ended", or "cancelled".
  • resting - Resting touches occur when a user simply rests their thumb on the trackpad device. Requires that the foreground window has views accepting resting touches.
  • timestamp - a number representing the time the touch was detected. This number corresponds to seconds since the last system boot, not including time the computer has been asleep. Comparable to hs.timer.absoluteTime() / 1000000000.
  • touching - a boolean specifying whether or not the touch phase is "began", "moved", or "stationary" (i.e. is not "ended" or "cancelled").
  • type - a string specifying the type of touch. A "direct" touch will indicate a touchbar, while a trackpad will report "indirect".
|

getType

Signature
hs.eventtap.event:getType([nsSpecificType]) -> number
Type
Method
Description
Gets the type of the event
Parameters
  • nsSpecificType - an optional boolean, default false, specifying whether or not a more specific Cocoa NSEvent type should be returned, if available.
Returns
  • A number containing the type of the event, taken from hs.eventtap.event.types
Notes
  • some newer events are grouped into a more generic event for watching purposes and the specific event type is determined by examining the event through the Cocoa API. The primary example of this is for gestures on a trackpad or touches of the touchbar, as all of these are grouped under the hs.eventtap.event.types.gesture event. For example:
Signature
hs.eventtap.event:getUnicodeString()
Type
Method
Description
Gets the single unicode character of an event
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • A string containing the unicode character

location

| Signature | hs.eventtap.event:location([pointTable]) -> event | table | | -----------------------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | Type | Method | | Description | Get or set the current mouse pointer location as defined for the event. | | Parameters |
  • pointTable - an optional point table specifying the x and y coordinates of the mouse pointer location for the event
| | Returns |
  • if pointTable is provided, returns the hs.eventtap.event object; otherwise returns a point table containing x and y key-value pairs specifying the mouse pointer location as specified for this event.
| | Notes |
  • the use or effect of this method is undefined if the event is not a mouse type event.
|

post

Signature
hs.eventtap.event:post([app])
Type
Method
Description
Posts the event to the OS - i.e. emits the keyboard/mouse input defined by the event
Parameters
  • app - An optional hs.application object. If specified, the event will only be sent to that application
Returns
  • The hs.eventtap.event object

rawFlags

| Signature | hs.eventtap.event:rawFlags([flags]) -> event | integer | | -----------------------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | Type | Method | | Description | Experimental method to get or set the modifier flags for an event directly. | | Parameters |
  • flags - an optional integer, made by logically combining values from hs.eventtap.event.rawFlagMasks specifying the modifier keys which should be set for this event
| | Returns |
  • if flags is provided, returns the hs.eventtap.event object; otherwise returns the current flags set as an integer
| | Notes |
|

setFlags

Signature
hs.eventtap.event:setFlags(table) -> event
Type
Method
Description
Sets the keyboard modifiers of an event
Parameters
  • A table containing the keyboard modifiers to be sent with the event - i.e. zero or more of the following keys, each with a value of true:
  • cmd
  • alt
  • shift
  • ctrl
  • fn
Returns
  • The hs.eventap.event object.
Signature
hs.eventtap.event:setKeyCode(keycode)
Type
Method
Description
Sets the raw keycode for the event
Parameters
  • keycode - A number containing a raw keycode, taken from hs.keycodes.map
Returns
  • The hs.eventtap.event object
Notes
  • This method should only be used on keyboard events
Signature
hs.eventtap.event:setProperty(prop, value)
Type
Method
Description
Sets a property of the event
Parameters
  • prop - A value from hs.eventtap.event.properties
  • value - A number containing the value of the specified property
Returns
  • The hs.eventtap.event object.
Notes
  • The properties are CGEventField values, as documented at https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/documentation/Carbon/Reference/QuartzEventServicesRef/index.html#//apple_ref/c/tdef/CGEventField

setType

Signature
hs.eventtap.event:setType(type) -> event
Type
Method
Description
Set the type for this event.
Parameters
Returns