docs » hs.watchable


A minimalistic Key-Value-Observer framework for Lua.

This module allows you to generate a table with a defined label or path that can be used to share data with other modules or code. Other modules can register as watchers to a specific key-value pair within the watchable object table and will be automatically notified when the key-value pair changes.

The goal is to provide a mechanism for sharing state information between separate and (mostly) unrelated code easily and in an independent fashion.

API Overview

API Documentation

Constructors

new

Signature hs.watchable.new(path, [externalChanges]) -> table
Type Constructor
Description Creates a table that can be watched by other modules for key changes
Parameters
  • `path` - the global name for this internal table that external code can refer to the table as.
  • `externalChanges` - an optional boolean, default false, specifying whether external code can make changes to keys within this table (bi-directional communication).
Returns
  • a table with metamethods which will notify external code which is registered to watch this table for key-value changes.
Notes
  • This constructor is used by code which wishes to share state information which other code may register to watch.

watch

Signature hs.watchable.watch(path, [key], callback) -> watchableObject
Type Constructor
Description Creates a watcher that will be invoked when the specified key in the specified path is modified.
Parameters
  • `path` - a string specifying the path to watch. If `key` is not provided, then this should be a string of the form "path.key" where the key will be identified as the string after the last "."
  • `key` - if provided, a string specifying the specific key within the path to watch.
  • `callback` - a function which will be invoked when changes occur to the key specified within the path. The function should expect the following arguments:
  • `watcher` - the watcher object itself
  • `path` - the path being watched
  • `key` - the specific key within the path which invoked this callback
  • `old` - the old value for this key, may be nil
  • `new` - the new value for this key, may be nil
Returns
  • a watchableObject
Notes
  • This constructor is used by code which wishes to watch state information which is being shared by other code.

Methods

callback

Signature `hs.watchable:callback(fn nil) -> watchableObject` </span>
Type Method
Description Change or remove the callback function for the watchableObject.
Parameters
  • `fn` - a function, or an explicit nil to remove, specifying the new callback function to receive notifications for this watchableObject
Returns
  • the watchableObject
Notes
  • see [hs.watchable.watch](#watch) for a description of the arguments the callback function should expect.

change

Signature hs.watchable:change([key], value) -> watchableObject
Type Method
Description Externally change the value of the key-value pair being watched by the watchableObject
Parameters
  • `key` - if the watchableObject was defined with a key of "*", this argument is required and specifies the specific key of the watched table to change the value of. If a specific key was specified when the watchableObject was defined, this argument must not be provided.
  • `value` - the new value for the key.
Returns
  • the watchableObject
Notes
  • if external changes are not allowed for the specified path, this method generates an error

pause

Signature hs.watchable:pause() -> watchableObject
Type Method
Description Temporarily stop notifications about the key-value pair(s) watched by this watchableObject.
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • the watchableObject

release

Signature hs.watchable:release() -> nil
Type Method
Description Removes the watchableObject so that key-value pairs watched by this object no longer generate notifications.
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • nil

resume

Signature hs.watchable:resume() -> watchableObject
Type Method
Description Resume notifications about the key-value pair(s) watched by this watchableObject which were previously paused.
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • the watchableObject

value

Signature hs.watchable:value([key]) -> currentValue
Type Method
Description Get the current value for the key-value pair being watched by the watchableObject
Parameters
  • `key` - if the watchableObject was defined with a key of "*", this argument is required and specifies the specific key of the watched table to retrieve the value for. If a specific key was specified when the watchableObject was defined, this argument is ignored.
Returns
  • The current value for the key-value pair being watched by the watchableObject. May be nil.

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