docs » hs.timer


Execute functions with various timing rules

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API Overview

API Documentation

Functions

absolutetime

Signature hs.timer.absolutetime() -> nanoseconds
Type Function
Description Returns the absolute time in nanoseconds since the last system boot.
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • the time since the last system boot in nanoseconds
Notes
  • this value does not include time that the system has spent asleep
  • this value is used for the timestamps in system generated events.

days

Signature hs.timer.days(n) -> sec
Type Function
Description Converts days to seconds
Parameters
  • n - A number of days
Returns
  • The number of seconds in n days

hours

Signature hs.timer.hours(n) -> seconds
Type Function
Description Converts hours to seconds
Parameters
  • n - A number of hours
Returns
  • The number of seconds in n hours

localTime

Signature hs.timer.localTime() -> number
Type Function
Description Returns the number of seconds since local time midnight
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • the number of seconds

minutes

Signature hs.timer.minutes(n) -> seconds
Type Function
Description Converts minutes to seconds
Parameters
  • n - A number of minutes
Returns
  • The number of seconds in n minutes

seconds

Signature hs.timer.seconds(timeOrDuration) -> seconds
Type Function
Description Converts a string with a time of day or a duration into number of seconds
Parameters
  • timeOrDuration - a string that can have any of the following formats:
  • "HH:MM:SS" or "HH:MM" - represents a time of day (24-hour clock), returns the number of seconds since midnight
  • "DDdHHh", "HHhMMm", "MMmSSs", "DDd", "HHh", "MMm", "SSs", "NNNNms" - represents a duration in days, hours, minutes,
  • seconds and/or milliseconds
Returns
  • The number of seconds

secondsSinceEpoch

Signature hs.timer.secondsSinceEpoch() -> sec
Type Function
Description Gets the (fractional) number of seconds since the UNIX epoch (January 1, 1970)
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • The number of seconds since the epoch
Notes
  • This has much better precision than `os.time()`, which is limited to whole seconds.

usleep

Signature hs.timer.usleep(microsecs)
Type Function
Description Blocks Lua execution for the specified time
Parameters
  • microsecs - A number containing a time in microseconds to block for
Returns
  • None
Notes
  • Use of this function is strongly discouraged, as it blocks all main-thread execution in Hammerspoon. This means no hotkeys or events will be processed in that time, no GUI updates will happen, and no Lua will execute. This is only provided as a last resort, or for extremely short sleeps. For all other purposes, you really should be splitting up your code into multiple functions and calling `hs.timer.doAfter()`

weeks

Signature hs.timer.weeks(n) -> sec
Type Function
Description Converts weeks to seconds
Parameters
  • n - A number of weeks
Returns
  • The number of seconds in n weeks

Constructors

doAfter

Signature hs.timer.doAfter(sec, fn) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description Calls a function after a delay
Parameters
  • sec - A number of seconds to wait before calling the function
  • fn - A function to call
Returns
  • An `hs.timer` object
Notes
  • There is no need to call `:start()` on the returned object, the timer will be already running.
  • The callback can be cancelled by calling the `:stop()` method on the returned object before `sec` seconds have passed.

doAt

Signature hs.timer.doAt(time[, repeatInterval], fn[, continueOnError]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description Creates and starts a timer which will perform fn at the given (local) time and then (optionally) repeat it every interval.
Parameters
  • time - number of seconds after (local) midnight, or a string in the format "HH:MM" (24-hour local time), indicating
  • the desired trigger time
  • repeatInterval - (optional) number of seconds between triggers, or a string in the format
  • "DDd", "DDdHHh", "HHhMMm", "HHh" or "MMm" indicating days, hours and/or minutes between triggers; if omitted
  • or `0` the timer will trigger only once
  • fn - a function to call every time the timer triggers
  • continueOnError - an optional boolean flag, defaulting to false, which indicates that the timer should not be automatically stopped if the callback function results in an error.
Returns
  • a timer object
Notes
  • The timer can trigger up to 1 second early or late
  • The first trigger will be set to the earliest occurrence given the `repeatInterval`; if that's omitted,
  • and `time` is earlier than the current time, the timer will trigger the next day. If the repeated interval
  • results in exactly 24 hours you can schedule regular jobs that will run at the expected time independently
  • of when Hammerspoon was restarted/reloaded. E.g.:
  • If it's 19:00, `hs.timer.doAt("20:00",somefn)` will set the timer 1 hour from now
  • If it's 21:00, `hs.timer.doAt("20:00",somefn)` will set the timer 23 hours from now
  • If it's 21:00, `hs.timer.doAt("20:00","6h",somefn)` will set the timer 5 hours from now (at 02:00)
  • To run a job every hour on the hour from 8:00 to 20:00: `for h=8,20 do hs.timer.doAt(h..":00","1d",runJob) end`

doEvery

Signature hs.timer.doEvery(interval, fn) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description Repeats fn every interval seconds.
Parameters
  • interval - A number of seconds between triggers
  • fn - A function to call every time the timer triggers
Returns
  • An `hs.timer` object
Notes
  • This function is a shorthand for `hs.timer.new(interval, fn):start()`

doUntil

Signature hs.timer.doUntil(predicateFn, actionFn[, checkInterval]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description Creates and starts a timer which will perform actionFn every checkinterval seconds until predicateFn returns true. The timer is automatically stopped when predicateFn returns true.
Parameters
  • predicateFn - a function which determines when to stop calling `actionFn`. This function takes no arguments, but should return true when it is time to stop calling `actionFn`.
  • actionFn - a function which performs the desired action. This function may take a single argument, the timer itself.
  • checkInterval - an optional parameter indicating how often to repeat the `predicateFn` check. Defaults to 1 second.
Returns
  • a timer object
Notes
  • The timer is passed as an argument to `actionFn` so that it may stop the timer prematurely (i.e. before predicateFn returns true) if desired.
  • See also `hs.timer.doWhile`, which is essentially the opposite of this function

doWhile

Signature hs.timer.doWhile(predicateFn, actionFn[, checkInterval]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description Creates and starts a timer which will perform actionFn every checkinterval seconds while predicateFn returns true. The timer is automatically stopped when predicateFn returns false.
Parameters
  • predicateFn - a function which determines when to stop calling `actionFn`. This function takes no arguments, but should return false when it is time to stop calling `actionFn`.
  • actionFn - a function which performs the desired action. This function may take a single argument, the timer itself.
  • checkInterval - an optional parameter indicating how often to repeat the `predicateFn` check. Defaults to 1 second.
Returns
  • a timer object
Notes
  • The timer is passed as an argument to `actionFn` so that it may stop the timer prematurely (i.e. before predicateFn returns false) if desired.
  • See also `hs.timer.doUntil`, which is essentially the opposite of this function

new

Signature hs.timer.new(interval, fn [, continueOnError]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description Creates a new hs.timer object for repeating interval callbacks
Parameters
  • interval - A number of seconds between firings of the timer
  • fn - A function to call every time the timer fires
  • continueOnError - An optional boolean, true if the timer should continue to be triggered after the callback function has produced an error, false if the timer should stop being triggered after the callback function has produced an error. Defaults to false.
Returns
  • An `hs.timer` object
Notes
  • The returned object does not start its timer until its `:start()` method is called
  • If `interval` is 0, the timer will not repeat (because if it did, it would be repeating as fast as your machine can manage, which seems generally unwise)

waitUntil

Signature hs.timer.waitUntil(predicateFn, actionFn[, checkInterval]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description Creates and starts a timer which will perform actionFn when predicateFn returns true. The timer is automatically stopped when actionFn is called.
Parameters
  • predicateFn - a function which determines when `actionFn` should be called. This function takes no arguments, but should return true when it is time to call `actionFn`.
  • actionFn - a function which performs the desired action. This function may take a single argument, the timer itself.
  • checkInterval - an optional parameter indicating how often to repeat the `predicateFn` check. Defaults to 1 second.
Returns
  • a timer object
Notes
  • The timer is stopped before `actionFn` is called, but the timer is passed as an argument to `actionFn` so that the actionFn may restart the timer to be called again the next time predicateFn returns true.
  • See also `hs.timer.waitWhile`, which is essentially the opposite of this function

waitWhile

Signature hs.timer.waitWhile(predicateFn, actionFn[, checkInterval]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description Creates and starts a timer which will perform actionFn when predicateFn returns false. The timer is automatically stopped when actionFn is called.
Parameters
  • predicateFn - a function which determines when `actionFn` should be called. This function takes no arguments, but should return false when it is time to call `actionFn`.
  • actionFn - a function which performs the desired action. This function may take a single argument, the timer itself.
  • checkInterval - an optional parameter indicating how often to repeat the `predicateFn` check. Defaults to 1 second.
Returns
  • a timer object
Notes
  • The timer is stopped before `actionFn` is called, but the timer is passed as an argument to `actionFn` so that the actionFn may restart the timer to be called again the next time predicateFn returns false.
  • See also `hs.timer.waitUntil`, which is essentially the opposite of this function

Methods

fire

Signature hs.timer:fire() -> timer
Type Method
Description Immediately fires a timer
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • The `hs.timer` object
Notes
  • This cannot be used on a timer which has already stopped running

nextTrigger

Signature hs.timer:nextTrigger() -> number
Type Method
Description Returns the number of seconds until the timer will next trigger
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • A number containing the number of seconds until the next firing
Notes
  • The return value may be a negative integer in two circumstances:
  • Hammerspoon's runloop is backlogged and is catching up on missed timer triggers
  • The timer object is not currently running. In this case, the return value of this method is the number of seconds since the last firing (you can check if the timer is running or not, with `hs.timer:running()`

running

Signature hs.timer:running() -> boolean
Type Method
Description Returns a boolean indicating whether or not the timer is currently running.
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • A boolean value indicating whether or not the timer is currently running.

setNextTrigger

Signature hs.timer:setNextTrigger(seconds) -> timer
Type Method
Description Sets the next trigger time of a timer
Parameters
  • seconds - A number of seconds after which to trigger the timer
Returns
  • The `hs.timer` object, or nil if an error occurred
Notes
  • If the timer is not already running, this will start it

start

Signature hs.timer:start() -> timer
Type Method
Description Starts an hs.timer object
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • The `hs.timer` object
Notes
  • The timer will not call the callback immediately, the timer will wait until it fires
  • If the callback function results in an error, the timer will be stopped to prevent repeated error notifications (see the `continueOnError` parameter to `hs.timer.new()` to override this)

stop

Signature hs.timer:stop() -> timer
Type Method
Description Stops an hs.timer object
Parameters
  • None
Returns
  • The `hs.timer` object

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